Animal Hoarding is defined by the presence of large numbers of animals kept in homes and as having the following four main characteristics (Patronek 1999; Patronek, Loar, & Nathanson, 2006, p. 1):

  • “Failure to provide minimal standards of sanitation, space, nutrition, and veterinary care for animals
  • Inability to recognize the effects of this failure on the welfare of the animals, human members of the household, and the environment
  • Obsessive attempts to accumulate or maintain a collection of animals in the face of progressively deteriorating conditions
  • Denial of minimization of problems and living conditions for people and animals.”

Call your local animal control office for more information or:
MSPCA Cruelty Line 800-628-5808
Animal Rescue League of Boston Cruelty Line 617-226-5610.
ASPCA
Humane Society of the Unites States
The Hoarding of Animals Research Consortium (Tufts University)